端午三天假马上就要来啦~轻松学教你用英语说端午!

 

“五月五,是端阳。门插艾,香满堂。吃粽子,洒白糖。龙船下水喜洋洋。”不久后就是美美的端午节啦!你开心不?不妨看看这篇英文报道,学学“端午节”和一些端午习俗怎么用英语表达吧!

我们来看一段相关的英文报道

The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar.

A very popular dish during the Dragon Boat Festival is zong zi. This tasty dish consists of rice dumplings with meat, peanut, egg yolk, or other fillings wrapped in bamboo leaves.

Considering this time of year an especially dangerous time, many Chinese will hang various herbs, called Ay Tsao, on their doors for protection.

端午节是在农历的五月初五。

在端午节时受欢迎的食物就是粽子,粽子是以米包着肉、花生、蛋黄及其它馅料,再以竹叶包裹。

许多中国人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,于是会将一种特别的植物——艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用。

【讲解】

文中的Dragon Boat Festival就是“端午节”的意思,又称端阳节、五月节等,已被列入世界非物质文化遗产名录。festival的意思是“节日”,多指民俗或宗教节日,如:the Lantern Festival(元宵节),the Spring Festival(春节)。

第二段中的bamboo是名词,泛指一般的“竹,竹子”时不可数,如:Bamboo is not a tree, but a kind of grass. (竹不是一种树,而是一种草。);还可用于其他名词前作定语,如:bamboo chair(竹椅)

 

关于端午节的由来:

1.Qu Yuan jumped off river     

屈原投江     

In order to commemorate patriotic poet Qu Yuan who jumped into the Miluo river, and avoid his body to be eaten by fish and shrimp, so people cast many of bamboo rice (rice dumplings) in the river, and compete to row (acetate ship) hoping to find the body of Qu yuan。     

为了纪念爱国诗人屈原,居民为了不让跳下汨罗江的屈原尸体被鱼虾吃掉,所以在江里投下许多用竹叶包裹的米食(粽子),并且竞相划船(赛龙船)希望找到屈原的尸体。

2.Cao E looked for her father’s corpse     

曹娥寻父尸     

Cao E, dutiful girl of the eastern Han dynasty, whose father drowned in the river when she was 14-year old. She cried along the river, still didn’t see his father’s corpse after 17 days, and she jumped into the river on May 1st as well, after five days the two corpses folded together and float. That was a moving story, so people in the township worship her。     

东汉孝女曹娥,因曹父溺江而亡,年仅十四岁的她沿江豪哭,经十七日仍不见曹父尸首,乃在五月一日投江,五日后两尸合抱而浮起的感人事迹, 乡人群而祭之。

3.Madam White Snake     

白蛇传     

The legend of white snake Bai Suzhen, in order to repay Xu Xian , fell in love with him and finally got married. On the day of the Dragon Boat Festival white snake drink realgar wine, almost reveal herself snakelike, and among the white snake, Fa Hai and water logging Jinshan temple , are popular folk opera repertoire。     

传说白蛇白素贞,为了报答许仙的恩惠,与许仙结为夫妻的凄美的爱情故事。端午节当天白蛇喝了雄黄酒,差点现出蛇形,加上法海白蛇及水淹金山寺的情节,都是脍炙人口的民间戏曲的曲目。

4.Wu Zixu’s death anniversary     

伍子胥的忌日     

It’s a legend that after He Lu ,the king of Wu died , the prince Fuchai ascended the throne, send armed forces to suppress Yue and won. Goujian ,the king of Yue please reconciliation , Fuchai didn’t listen but agreed treacherous official and judged Wu Zixu commit suicide. And jumped his body into river on May 5, since then people commemorated him on Dragon Boat Festival。     

传说伍子胥助吴伐楚后,吴王阖闾逝世,皇子夫差继位,伐越大胜,越王勾践请和,伍子胥主张和,夫差不听,却听信奸臣言,赐伍子胥自杀,并于于五月五日将尸体投入江中,此后人们于端午节祭祀伍子胥。